»Accreditation Process for the Doctor of Pharmacy Program*

*The M.S. in Pharmaceutical Science Program is already accredited as a graduate program under WASC and does not require ACPE Accreditation. 

Chapman University’s School of Pharmacy program has been authorized by the Board of Directors for an on-site evaluation to be scheduled during fall 2014 for consideration of Precandidate status. Authorization of an on-site evaluation for consideration of Precandidate status does not carry with it nor imply an accreditation status. The on-site evaluation is authorized solely for purposes of gathering additional information in furtherance of an accreditation decision. The Board will consider Precandidate status at the next regularly scheduled meeting, which occur in January and June of each year, following the on-site evaluation. For an explanation of the ACPE accreditation process, consult the Office of the Dean or the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education, 135 South LaSalle Street, Suite 4100, Chicago, Illinois 60503, 312-644-3575; FAX 312-664-4652; website www.acpe-accredit.org.  

Accreditation is a process where education institutions voluntarily submit to have the quality of their programs reviewed by education experts. Accreditation happens at an institutional level across all programs and degrees and for specific special degrees and programs that lead to various professional careers.

Students need to care about accreditation as it ensures that the quality of the preparation they receive in school is sufficient for entry into the career they have chosen. Some professions that require licenses, such as the practice of pharmacy as a Doctor of Pharmacy, require that students graduate from an accredited program in order to take the state or national licensing exams required to work.

Chapman University works hard to obtain and retain the accreditation status of its programs to ensure the value of our education delivers what students require. This statement, which you must indicate you understand in order to be accepted into the Chapman University School of Pharmacy (CUSP), explains the status and timing of the accreditation of the School of Pharmacy we are planning.

+-Current Chapman University Accreditations

Chapman University is accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges (WASC), Accrediting Commission for Senior Colleges and Universities (985 Atlantic Avenue, Suite 100, Alameda, CA 94501, 510/748–9001). Chapman University is also proud to have many of its programs nationally accredited. The business programs are accredited by AACSB: The Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business. The music programs are accredited by the National Association of Schools of Music. The graduate program in physical therapy is accredited by the Commission on Accreditation in Physical Therapy Education. The athletic training education program is accredited by the Commission on Accreditation of Athletic Training Education (CAATE). The School of Law has been granted accreditation by the American Bar Association. The school psychology program is accredited by the National Association of School Psychologists and the International School Psychology Association (ISPA). The marriage and family therapy program is accredited by the Commission on Accreditation for Marriage and Family Therapy Education. The University’s teacher training and credential programs are approved by the California Commission on Teacher Credentialing. The dance program is accredited by the National Association of Schools of Dance. The theatre Chapman University School of Pharmacy (CUSP) program is accredited by the National Association of Schools of Theatre. The Chapman University communication sciences and disorder program is accredited by the Council on Academic Accreditation in Audiology Speech-Language Pathology of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. The educational studies program is accredited by the Teacher Education Accreditation Council (TEAC). The M.S. and Ph.D. programs are accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges (WASC).

+-Specific Accreditation for the Doctor of Pharmacy Program

To practice pharmacy anywhere in the United Sates, students must pass the licensing examination administered by the National Association of Boards of Pharmacy (NABP) and the state board within which they intend to practice, such as California. The state boards have licensing tests because state pharmacy laws differ from state to state. All pharmacy licensing boards in the US require that students have graduated from an Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE) accredited College or School of Pharmacy or, for foreign license applicants, that they pass and meet special foreign education equivalency tests. ACPE sets the standards and operates the process by which new Doctor of Pharmacy programs are accredited or receive the Candidate Accreditation Status, which permits its graduates to sit for licensing exams. Chapman University has been fully approved by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges (WASC) to offer the professional doctorate PharmD program, the first step in the accreditation pathway. CUSP applied to ACPE according to the new program standards and process timeline available from ACPE. We describe the process and timeline below and want you and all CUSP applicants to understand our plan and some associated risks of meeting ACPE requirements.

+-Accreditation Process and Timeline for the Doctor of Pharmacy Program

WASC provides a regional accreditation of Chapman University programs. Our application to offer the PharmD doctoral program was approved by WASC in November 2013.

Chapman University’s School of Pharmacy program has been authorized by the Board of Directors for an on-site evaluation to be scheduled during fall 2014 for consideration of Precandidate status. Authorization of an on-site evaluation for consideration of Precandidate status does not carry with it nor imply an accreditation status. The on-site evaluation is authorized solely for purposes of gathering additional information in furtherance of an accreditation decision. The Board will consider Precandidate status at the next regularly scheduled meeting, which occur in January and June of each year, following the on-site evaluation. For an explanation of the ACPE accreditation process, consult the Office of the Dean or the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education, 135 South LaSalle Street, Suite 4100, Chicago, Illinois 60503, 312-644-3575; FAX 312-664-4652; website www.acpe-accredit.org.

Schools with approved Pre-Candidate Status are prepared for the entry of students into their programs the following September. In the spring of the next year (2016), with the first students already in classes, the ACPE team visits again and determines if the school is prepared for Candidate status. The review involves observation of student progress, student interviews, closer review of the faculty and the curriculum and facilities. The school continues in Candidate Status with regular reporting in progress each year until its first class of students graduate (2018). The site team visit will occur in the spring of 2018 and before the graduation of the first class. At its June meeting of that year, ACPE then grants Accreditation Status or recommends further school preparations continuing the Candidate Status, which could be repeated only up to a total of 5 years from the granting of Pre-Candidate Status. The US Department of Education requires ACPE either grant or deny full accreditation within this time frame. Note that students graduating from a Candidate Status school ARE permitted to take the national and state licensing examinations.

+-Statement of Associated Risk for the Doctor of Pharmacy Program

ACPE considers first-time submission of new program applications only once per year in the spring approximately 18 months prior to the first student’s matriculation into the professional portion of the Doctor of Pharmacy program. Preliminary applications and fees are due to ACPE on January 15 and final applications are due April 1. Chapman University has delivered its draft and final applications for authorization of a site visit for considering Pre-Candidate Status. The standards within that application require the development of certain curricula, policy, procedures and the employment of appropriately qualified school leaders and faculty. As we have applied for a site visit, the next risk area students should be aware of is the potential that CUSP may not have its site visit for consideration approved on time in June 2014, thereby leading to a delay in the earliest possible approval of Pre-Candidate Status, Candidate and Full Accreditation Status. Other risk points involve each of the visits and reviews that occur annually Chapman University School of Pharmacy (CUSP) where ACPE examines the school’s progress as a Pre-Candidate or Candidate for accreditation. Chapman University could be delayed in receiving approval of its Candidate Status at any point or have that Candidate Status denied by ACPE. Similarly, CUSP may be delayed in receiving Full Accreditation. Those risks could affect the student’s right to take licensing examinations on the timeline they initially expected. The granting of a site visit by ACPE or approval of Pre-Candidate Status does not carry with it or grant any accreditation rights. Candidate Status must be achieved and retained by programs to ensure student’s right to take licensure exams.

Chapman University is committed to providing its students with the highest quality education. Every effort is being made to avoid any potential for delay, denial or withdrawal from consideration of the various ACPE site visit, Pre-Candidate, Candidate or Full Accreditation Status approvals required. That said, we cannot guarantee timely ACPE accreditation approval and any students applying must sign a statement indicating they understand these risks. Chapman University will commit to an exit strategy which assists students in locating alternative pharmacy schools and pathways to graduation and will provide the resources and faculty to implement that strategy for all students in the unlikely event that should become necessary.

Our requirements for application and the prerequisite courses and grades that need to be earned prior to entering the School of Pharmacy are specified elsewhere on the School of Pharmacy website.

+-Explanation of Preaccreditation Status

Precandidate Status

Granting of Precandidate status brings no rights or privileges of accreditation as associated with either candidate status or accredited status. Precandidate status indicates only that planning has taken into account ACPE standards and guidelines and suggests reasonable assurance of moving to the next step, that of Candidate status. Since Precandidate status does not create any rights of accreditation under the ACPE standards, it is the opinion of ACPE that graduates of programs of Colleges or Schools of Pharmacy that bear Precandidate status do not meet the educational requirements for licensure.

Candidate Status

With respect to clarification of the meaning of Candidate status, graduates of a program so designed would, in the opinion of ACPE, have the same rights and privileges of those graduates from an accredited program. The Candidate status denotes a developmental program that is expected to mature in accord with stated plans within a defined time period. It should be underscored, however, that decisions concerning eligibility for licensure by examination or reciprocity reside with the respective state boards of pharmacy in accordance with their state statutes and administrative rules. Should Candidate status be awarded to a program, ACPE would, however, make its position known and make recommendations consistent with that position.

+-Types of Accreditation Status and Notification of Accrediting Decisions

Preaccreditation. A newly instituted Doctor of Pharmacy program must be granted each of the two Preaccreditation statuses at the appropriate stage of its development. The standards are the same as those employed for accredited status; however, Preaccreditation involves planning in accord with the standards and provision of reasonable assurances for a quality outcome. A new program must achieve Precandidate status prior to beginning instruction of students.2

Precandidate. A newly instituted program that has no students enrolled but that meets the eligibility criteria (see “Eligibility for ACPE Accreditation or Preaccreditation”) for accreditation may be granted Precandidate status. The granting of Precandidate status indicates that a program’s planning for the Doctor of Pharmacy program has taken into account the standards and guidelines and suggests reasonable assurances of moving to the next step, that of Candidate status. Granting of Precandidate status brings no rights or privileges of accreditation. Public disclosure by the program of the terms and conditions of Precandidate status is required.

Candidate. Once students have enrolled in a new program that is currently recognized by ACPE with Precandidate status, such program may be granted Candidate accreditation status by ACPE. The granting of Candidate status denotes a developmental program that is expected to mature in accordance with stated plans by the time the first class has graduated. Granting of Candidate status brings rights and privileges of accreditation. Public disclosure by the program of the terms and conditions of Candidate status is required.

Authorization of on-site evaluation for consideration of Precandidate status. Authorization of an on-site evaluation for consideration of Precandidate status does not carry with it nor imply an accreditation status. The on-site evaluation is authorized solely for purposes of gathering additional information to assist the Board in evaluating and assessing the applicant program’s compliance with the standards.

Once an on-site evaluation has been authorized by the Board, reference to that effect may be made by the program. Any such reference must state only the following: “Name of Institution’s Doctor of Pharmacy program has been authorized by the Board of Directors for an on-site evaluation to be scheduled during spring/fall YEAR for consideration of Precandidate status. Authorization of an on-site evaluation for consideration of Precandidate status does not carry with it nor imply an accreditation status. The on-site evaluation is authorized solely for purposes of gathering additional information in furtherance of an accreditation decision. The Board will consider Precandidate status at the regularly scheduled meeting, which occur in January and June of each year, following the on-site evaluation. For an explanation of the ACPE accreditation process, consult the Office of the Dean or the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education, 135 South LaSalle Street, Suite 4100, Chicago, Illinois 60503, 312-644-3575; FAX 312-664-4652; web site www.acpe-accredit.org.”

2A program may recruit and admit students prior to receiving Precandiate status, but those students may not begin classes before Precandidate status is achieved.  

+-Accreditation Disclosure Statement

It is important that students understand accreditation process. Therefore, students who attend an interview day will be given a copy of the following “Accreditation Disclosure Statement”, and will sign and turn in a second copy of the “Accreditation Disclosure Statement”.

 

Accreditation Disclosure Statement

 

The Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE) accredits Doctor of Pharmacy programs offered by Colleges and Schools of Pharmacy in the United States and selected non-US sites. For a Doctor of Pharmacy program offered by a new College or School of Pharmacy, ACPE accreditation involves three steps: Precandidate status, Candidate status, and Accreditation status. Precandidate status denotes a developmental program that is expected to mature in accord with stated plans and within a defined time period. Precandidate status is awarded to a new program of a college or school of pharmacy that has not yet enrolled students in the professional program and authorizes the college or school to admit its first class. Candidate accreditation status is awarded to a Doctor of Pharmacy program that is currently recognized by ACPE with Precandidate status and has students enrolled but has not yet had a graduating class. Accreditation status is awarded to a program that has met all ACPE standards for accreditation and has graduated its first class. Graduates of a class designated as having Candidate status have the same rights and privileges of those graduates from an accredited program, generally including eligibility for licensure. ACPE conveys its decisions to the various boards of pharmacy and makes recommendations in accord with its decisions. It should be noted, however, that decisions concerning eligibility for licensure by examination or reciprocity reside with the respective state boards of pharmacy in accordance with their state statutes and administrative rules.

 

In order to enroll the first class of students in fall 2015, the Chapman University School of Pharmacy has applied for Precandidate status for its Doctor of Pharmacy program. An on-site evaluation will occur during fall 2014. The ACPE Board of Directors will meet in January 2015 to consider the School’s application. The School will be notified of the Board’s decision as soon as is feasible following the meeting. Should the Board feel that Precandidate status cannot be conferred at that time, the School could respond to the Board’s concerns and reapply. Should the School enroll and begin instruction of its inaugural class without first achieving Precandidate status or fail to achieve Candidate status, any graduates would be considered to have graduated from an unaccredited Doctor of Pharmacy program. It is unlikely that graduates of an unaccredited Doctor of Pharmacy program will meet licensing requirements in any U.S. jurisdiction. By mandate of the United States Department of Education, a program must achieve accreditation status within five years of receiving initial preaccreditation status. 

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